Title IX Policies and Procedures


What Is Title IX?

Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 prohibits sex discrimination in education, including K-12 schools. Title IX is a federal law that has been used to promote equity in education by ensuring that girls and women receive equal resources and treatment in the classroom and provides protections for students who are sexually harassed and discriminated against and/or bullied based on their gender.

In addition to this federal law, the California Education code similarly prohibits schools discriminating against its students on the basis of sex (Education Codes 220-221.1).

Definition of Sexual Harassment

Sexual harassment includes verbal, visual or physical conduct of a sexual nature which may have a negative impact upon the victim’s academic or work performance or creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive educational/work environment.

Specific examples of sexual harassment

Sexual harassment may include, but is not limited to:

  1. Making comments or jokes about a students body

  2. Online or text message sharing of pictures of videos of a sexual nature

  3. Insults about a students dating, romantic, or sexual history

  4. Writing notes, letters, or graffiti that are sexually explicit

  5. Making obsene gestures or suggestive body movements taht are sexual in nature.

  6. Unwatnted hugging, kissing, or other forms of unwanted sexual contact

  7. Touching an intimate part of another persons body without consent

  8. Dating Violence

  9. Sexual assault

Title IX Student Rights:

  • Students have the right to equal learning opportunities in their schools.
  • Students and employees may not be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to harassment or other forms of discrimination on the basis of sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or gender expression in any program or activity.
  • Students may not be required to take and/or may not be denied enrollment in a course because of their sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or gender expression.
  • Students have the right to be evaluated and graded without regard to their sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or gender expression.
  • Students must be provided counseling and guidance that is not discriminatory
  • Counselors may not urge students to enroll in particular classes or programs or activities based on sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or gender expression.
  • Schools must offer female and male students equal opportunities to play sports.
  • Equipment and supplies, game and practice schedules, budgets, coaching travel allowances, facilities, publicity, support services and tutoring offered to teams are to be equivalent between male and female teams.
  • Pregnant and parenting students have the same right as any other student to continue in their regular school and in any program for which they qualify.
  • Students have the right to call the police.

Who Is Covered Under Title IX?

  1. Harassment by students

  2. Harassment by administrators/teachers/staff

  3. Harassment by volunteers or school visitors

Jessica Huang